José Rizal (* 19 June 1861, † 30 December 1896)
Jose Rizal is the Philippines' National Hero. He was an eye doctor, artist, and writer. As a non-violent reformist, his written works inspired a revolution that led to the transformation of the Philippines into an independent democracy. He died a martyr, leaving behind a famous death poem entitled "Mi Ultimo Adios" or "My Last Farewell".